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Gardening Tips

When do I fertilize?

N – P – K
Nitrogen – Phosphorous – Potassium
Rule of thumb: yellow leaves = time to fertilize!

St. Augustine and Bermuda Grass
March - April = high nitrogen, low phosphorous, medium potassium ratio fertilizer. Example: 28-3-10.
June - August = 3-1-2 ratio fertilizer. Example: 15-5-10.
November – December = medium nitrogen, high phosphorous, medium potassium ratio. Example: 18-24-12. It is important to fertilize in the late fall because roots grow all winter long.

Measure your yard so you know how much fertilizer to use, and follow the directions on the bag for your spreader settings.

If you have a weed problem, use a pre-emergent in the late winter and early spring to control spring and summer weeds, and again in late summer to control winter weeds. Example of pre-emergent: 0-0-7.

Fertilize flowers, shrubs and trees anytime from February to April and again from September thru November.


How much should I water new plants?

Watering is very important for new plants. Newly planted trees, shrubs, ground cover, annuals and perennials need water every day in spring and fall and sometimes twice a day in the summer. Keep this up for at least a month for small plants; two to three months for trees and plants in the full sun. A general rule for watering is to water a shrub for one to two minutes and trees for about five minutes. Trees need about a gallon per caliper inch of trunk, so a tree with a three-inch trunk needs three gallons.


What annuals are in season?

Pansies, violas and kale are coming into season. They will be available in mid-October, but we recommend waiting to plant them until November. When it is a little colder, they won’t grow as fast and will stay attractive longer. If you are planting pansies, in particular, be sure to plant them close together. This allows the plants to support each other as they grow.